Posts Tagged ‘rhetoric’

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Rebutter in Chief

posted: 8.12.09 by Nick Carbone

This post by Steve Benen at the Washington Monthly blog features excerpts from a New Hampshire Town Hall conducted by President Obama.

It occurs to me, on reading Benen’s summary and having listened to some of Obama’s press conferences and speeches, that Obama’s legal training combined with his writing ability make him a master of rebutting the critiques of his policies and positions through explicit counter-arguments, no matter–in the case of the illogical and demagogic claim that the health plan under debate in Congress calls for “death camps”–how disingenuous and dishonest the criticism is.

Compare, for example, Obama’s response to the “death panel” claim to one of the most prominent assertions of that claim, Sarah Palin’s.

Palin wrote in Facebook:

The Democrats promise that a government health care system will reduce the cost of health care, but as the economist Thomas Sowell has pointed out, government health care will not reduce the cost; it will simply refuse to pay the cost. And who will suffer the most when they ration care? The sick, the elderly, and the disabled, of course. The America I know and love is not one in which my parents or my baby with Down Syndrome will have to stand in front of Obama’s “death panel” so his bureaucrats can decide, based on a subjective judgment of their “level of productivity in society,” whether they are worthy of health care. Such a system is downright evil.

Health care by definition involves life and death decisions. Human rights and human dignity must be at the center of any health care discussion.

What is the logic of her paragraph? What is the train of thought? Can it be mapped by students? Are her claims fair? Is there a “death panel” clause in any of the proposed bills now in Congress?

What is the purpose of the final two sentences? They are statements no one will disagree with; is she using them to assert that the plans in Congress don’t care about dignity?

With those questions in mind, now look at Obama’s explicit rebuttal of this argument as represented by Palin. Obama said in New Hampshire:

“The rumor that’s been circulating a lot lately is this idea that somehow the House of Representatives voted for ‘death panels’ that will basically pull the plug on grandma because we’ve decided that we don’t — it’s too expensive to let her live anymore. And there are various — there are some variations on this theme. It turns out that I guess this arose out of a provision in one of the House bills that allowed Medicare to reimburse people for consultations about end-of-life care, setting up living wills, the availability of hospice, et cetera. So the intention of the members of Congress was to give people more information so that they could handle issues of end-of-life care when they’re ready, on their own terms. It wasn’t forcing anybody to do anything. This is I guess where the rumor came from.”The irony is that actually one of the chief sponsors of this bill originally was a Republican — then House member, now senator, named Johnny Isakson from Georgia — who very sensibly thought this is something that would expand people’s options. And somehow it’s gotten spun into this idea of ‘death panels.’ I am not in favor of that. So just I want to clear the air here.”

Obama first categorically rejects the charge that he wants “death panels,” and then looks to the bill in question, to the item in the bill his opponents have distorted, and explains its origins.

How does the use of logic and evidence in the two arguments compare? Which statement is more factually accurate?

Questions such as these make the current debate on health care in our country a useful one for studying and analyzing argument and rhetoric. It might also lead to a good discussion of civil discourse and how to tell it from inflammatory discourse and violent discourse.

Comments: (2)
Categories: Argument, Assignment Idea, Genre, Popular Culture, Rhetorical Situation
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Thinking About a Ph.D. in Rhetoric?

posted: 6.20.07 by archived

Over the past couple years, the educational press has focused on the number of Ph.D.s who are being forced to adjunct because of a tight job market. In spite of this trend and focus, large numbers of adjuncts do not possess Ph.D.s. For those of us who teach composition without a Ph.D., one of the most sensible Ph.D.s to consider pursuing is in Rhetoric and Composition. According to lore and rumor, such a doctorate is much more helpful in the current market when searching for Composition gigs–especially if you think being a WPA is in your future. While many of our tenured colleagues in composition have Ph.D.s in literature, and numerous first and second generation WPAs have degrees in a variety of fields, a Rhetoric and/or Composition background is recommended for those thinking about shifting from an MA to a Ph.D. Before applying to said field, contemplate deeply where you want your focus. Before flinging your mind, body, soul, life, and family into a doctoral program, consider reading some of the texts below. Make sure that Rhetoric is a field you are passionate about, and that these are the kinds of books, ideas, and materials you want fully integrated in your life. While many of us in Composition may think we know what Rhetoric is about, be absolutely sure that you do know before you sign up.

Note: This list is compiled from a series of WPA posts on Sat, 19 May 2001, between Peggy O Neill, Mark Gellis, Bridget Fahey Ruetenik, Donna Qualley, and Janice McIntire-Strasburg.

Texts:

Aristotle: Rhetoric

Cicero: De Oratore

George Campbell: The Philosophy of Rhetoric

James Kinneavy: A Theory of Discourse

Kenneth Burke: A Rhetoric of Motives

Hayden White: Tropics of Discourse

Sonja Foss: Rhetorical Criticism: Exploration & Practice

Charles Bonwell: Active Learning

Richard Lanham: The Electronic Word

James Berlin: Rhetoric and Reality

Theresa Enos: Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition

John Gage: “Why Write?”

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Categories: Adjunct Advice, Gregory Zobel, Professional Development & Service
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