Posts Tagged ‘tools’

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In Praise of Paper

posted: 9.18.13 by Nedra Reynolds

For a few years now, the start of the semester has signaled a time to try a new tool or a different technology.  To inaugurate a new term, I have adopted new-to-me options on Sakai, have ordered software packages from publishing companies, or have experimented with apps and Web 2.0 sites to engage students.  [read more]

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Categories: Nedra Reynolds
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16 War Poster Sites for Persuasive Analysis

posted: 9.22.09 by Traci Gardner

unclesamWhat’s the most famous poster in the world? Many would say it’s James Montgomery Flagg’s 1916 Uncle Sam poster. Since World War I, Flagg’s poster has been persuading men and women to join the U.S. Army.

Posters supporting America’s war efforts demonstrate basic persuasive techniques in direct ways that students can readily identify. The messages behind the posters are rarely abstract. The National Archives exhibit Powers of Persuasion, quoting the U.S. Office of Facts and Figures’s How to Make Posters That Will Help Win The War, explains why: “War posters that are symbolic do not attract a great deal of attention, and they fail to arouse enthusiasm. Often, they are misunderstood by those who see them.”

What does the Uncle Sam poster do to attract attention and arouse enthusiasm? The answer lies in Flagg’s understanding of visual rhetoric. It’s based on understanding the use of color, text, symbols, and illustrations. You can step through an analysis of the poster with the ReadWriteThink Analyzing a World War II Poster Interactive, either working together as a class or having students work individually. The tool is free.

Don’t limit your analysis to the Uncle Sam poster, though. Just visit any of the fifteen sites listed below. In addition to recruiting posters, you’ll find posters encouraging people to support American troops, asking women to enter the workforce, and urging citizens not to spread rumors. There is some overlap among these free sites, but each offers some unique material.

  1. “A Summons to Comradeship”: World War I and II Posters and Postcards from the University of Minnesota
  2. The Art of War from the National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom
  3. The Art of War: World War II Posters from West Texas A&M University
  4. Mobilizing for War: Poster Art of World War II from the Truman Presidential Library
  5. Posters on the American Home Front (1941-45) from the Smithsonian Institute
  6. Rosie Pictures: Select Images Relating to American Women Workers During World War II from the Library of Congress
  7. Sowing the Seeds of Victory: the World War I Poster Collection from Indianapolis Public Librarty
  8. Unifying a Nation: World War II Poster from the New Hampshire State Library
  9. U.S. Navy Recruiting Posters from the U.S. Navy
  10. The War on the Walls from Temple University
  11. War Posters Collection from the Enoch Pratt Free Library
  12. War Poster Collection from the University of Washington
  13. War Posters from the Boston Public Library
  14. War Posters from the Ohio Historical Society
  15. World War II Poster Collection from Northwestern University
  16. World War II Posters from the University of North Texas

Watch later this week for some analysis tools you can use with these sites.

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Categories: Assignment Idea, Document Design, Popular Culture, Visual Argument, Visual Rhetoric
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Good Old Fashioned Research

posted: 9.24.07 by Barclay Barrios

Computers, databases, and electronic journals are increasingly playing a crucial role in research. Students can gain a new perspective on these tools, however, by attempting to do research without using them. Ask students to imagine that all the computers on campus have been knocked out, perhaps by something as innocuous as a power outage. Have them complete some simple research tasks using non-electronic tools. The results can be quite interesting. At my institution, for example, no research can be done without a computer now: there is no card catalog and no bound copies of indexes such as the MLA International Bibliography. Asking students to complete this exercise will either expand their set of research skills or, just as usefully, prompt them to consider our reliance on electronic research tools.

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Categories: Assignment Idea, Finding Sources, Teaching with Technology
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